Loanwords in Chinese
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Loanwords in Chinese

Like any other language, the history of Chinese language is not an isolated case. During the ancient time, along with the migration and the commerce with other mid-east countries, a lot of words were already introduced to China, such as 石榴shíliú(pomegranate) and 狮子shīzi(lion). Some words were borrowed from Buddhist scriptures, including 佛fó (Buddha) and 菩萨púsà...

The complement of state
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The complement of state

What is complement of state? Basically it is used to describe, or evaluate the result, degree and state of an act. Phrase such as“He runs fast”, the adjective “fast” is the complement to describe how he runs. There are many kinds of complements in English, but in Chinese this type of complement is mostly used...

A guide to celebrate Chinese new year in the most authentic way
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A guide to celebrate Chinese new year in the most authentic way

This year the celebration of Chinese New Year will start on the night of the 4th of February, which is the New year Eve, also the most important night of the entire holiday. Children travel miles back to their home to visit their parents. With China having the economic boom, the fast pace of the...

Express past experience with 过
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Express past experience with 过

We already know we can use了le to indicate a completed action, the word 过guò can be used in the similar model,but 过 emphasizes more on the completion, that the action has been done. Let’s see some examples to understand more directly, 你 吃 饭 了 吗?Nǐ chī fàn le ma ?Have you eaten? 吃 过  了。/吃 了。Chī guò le....

The complement of direction
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The complement of direction

In English we use adverbs to indicate the direction of an action, such as adverbs up, down, out, in, over. In Chinese there are verbs that contain directions, sucha as 上shàng,下 xià,among many roles they have(sometimes they are also adjectives and adverbs). Verbs such as“进jìn,出chū, 过guò” means “enter, go out, and move”. Now which is...

Prepositions 和hé,跟gēn,对duì
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Prepositions 和hé,跟gēn,对duì

The preposition 和hé and 跟gēn Prepositions 和 hé and 跟gēn have similar meanings, in most scenarios they simply mean “and”, and they can be interchangeable. We often add the adverb 一起yìqǐ (together) as a fixed phrase, the structure of the complete sentence is: A+ 和/跟+B +(一起)+Verb+Obj. 她 和/跟 她 的 姐姐 关系 很 好。Tā hé /gēn tā de jiějie...

Prepositions: 往 wǎng, 从 cóng   到 dào and 离 lí
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Prepositions: 往 wǎng, 从 cóng 到 dào and 离 lí

从 cóng, 到 dào 从 cóng, 到 dào  are both prepositions with meanings same as “from” and “to”,when 到 dào is used as a verb,  it means “reach”,such as 到家 dào jiā,到学校 dào xuéxiào. We can use the two words separately and also in one phrase, 从 cóng… 到 dào… is used in the same way as “from…...

The particle 了
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The particle 了

The word 了 le is a word with many roles. As a tense particle, we locate it after the verbs to indicate a completed action, it is similar to the present perfect tense, well…yeah, without changing the forms of the verbs of course. “I have eaten” is simply “我吃饭了 Wǒ chīfàn le”. 了 can also function...